[OpenWrt-Devel] [PATCH v2 3/4] build: compress kernel debuginfo using zstd

Matthias Schiffer mschiffer at universe-factory.net
Sun May 17 07:51:42 EDT 2020

zstd with its default settings (compression level -3) compresses better
than bzip2 -9 (which is the default setting), and is an order of magnitude

I made the following measurements for the most common compression tools
(all standard Debian Buster versions, default flags unless noted
otherwise), using the debug information of a large x86-64 kernel with

* kernel-debug.tar: 376M
* kernel-debug.tar.gz: 101M, compressed in ~12s
* kernel-debug.tar.bz2: 91M, compressed in ~15s
* kernel-debug.tar.xz: 57M, compressed in ~101s
* kernel-debug.tar.zst: 86M, compressed in ~1s

With zstd, there is still some room for improvement by increasing the
compression, but the slight increase in compression ratio
(22.83% -> 19.46%) does not justify the significant increase in
compression time (about 5 times on my machine) in my opinion.

Note that multithreaded compression (-T argument) does not affect
reproducibility with zstd.

Signed-off-by: Matthias Schiffer <mschiffer at universe-factory.net>
 include/kernel-build.mk | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/kernel-build.mk b/include/kernel-build.mk
index c371e78ab9b0..32c91a5b8359 100644
--- a/include/kernel-build.mk
+++ b/include/kernel-build.mk
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ ifdef CONFIG_COLLECT_KERNEL_DEBUG
 	$(FIND) $(KERNEL_BUILD_DIR)/debug -type f | $(XARGS) $(KERNEL_CROSS)strip --only-keep-debug
 	$(TAR) c -C $(KERNEL_BUILD_DIR) debug \
 		$(if $(SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH),--mtime="@$(SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH)") \
-		| bzip2 -c -9 > $(BIN_DIR)/kernel-debug.tar.bz2
+		| zstd -T0 -f -o $(BIN_DIR)/kernel-debug.tar.zst

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